information. A formal criminal charge made by a prosecutor without a grand-jury indictment. See Fed. R. Crim. P.

7. • The information is used to prosecute misdemeanors in most states, and about half the states allow its use in felony prosecutions as well.

— Also termed bill of information. Cf. INDICTMENT. [Cases: Indictment and Information 35. C.J.S. Indictments and Informations §§ 8, 11, 43.]

duplicitous information. An information that charges two or more offenses as one count.

substitute information in lieu of indictment. An information that the prosecutor files to take the place of a previously returned indictment, usu. because the indictment is defective or because

the prosecutor has added, altered, or deleted facts and allegations.

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