custom, n.

1. A practice that by its common adoption and long, unvarying habit has come to have the force of law. See USAGE. [Cases: Customs and Usages

1. C.J.S. Customs and Usages § 1.] — customary, adj.

conventional custom. A custom that operates only indirectly through the medium of agreements, so that it is accepted and adopted in individual instances as conventional law between the parties to those agreements.

— Also termed usage. See USAGE.

general custom.

1. A custom that prevails throughout a country and constitutes one of the sources of the law of the land. [Cases: Customs and Usages 1–22. C.J.S. Customs and Usages §§ 1–48.]

2. A custom that businesses recognize and follow. See trade usage under USAGE.

legal custom. A custom that operates as a binding rule of law, independently of any agreement on the part of those subject to it. — Often shortened to custom.

local custom. A custom that prevails in some defined locality only, such as a city or county, and constitutes a source of law for that place only.

— Also termed particular custom; special custom. [Cases: Customs and Usages 1–22. C.J.S. Customs and Usages §§ 1–48.]

2. (pl.) Duties imposed on imports or exports.

3. (pl.) The agency or procedure for collecting such duties.

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